Region North Manaus

Thus, the Amaznia one more time estagnou, repeating history and continuing to defy who if atreve to develop it. In contrast of the Amaznia, other regions if had developed. It is the case of the Southeastern Region, more specifically the State of So Paulo with the coffee industry and origins of the industry in Brazil. Only for terms an idea, as Sergio Hisses in 1885, registers in So Paulo the functioning of 13 txteis plants with 1670 laborers and 3 plants of hats with 315 laborers. In 1901, she enters the 91 more important So Paulo industrial companies, 33 use of 10 the 49 laborers, 33 of 50 the 199, 22 of 200 the 499, two others occupy 600 laborers each and a company possesss about 800 laborers. Another data of the author sample that in 1907 So Paulo counted on 326 companies and 24,186 laborers and in 1929 with 6.923 companies and 148,376 laborers, or that express the great growth of this state.

Some factors are primordial for the agreement of this process. The gradual abolition of the enslaved work must be detached, from the Law Euzbio de Queiroz (1851), and the fast formation of a market of work thanks to immigration in mass from 1880. The wage-earning work is the index of transformations that include railroads, the banks, the great commerce of exploration importation and mechanization to the level of the operations of improvement of the production. Thus, the expansion of the So Paulo coffee industry and the growth of the industry are defined by the development of the capitalism in Brazil. This rising bourgeoisie finds its origins in the European emigration. In one she searches recent Bresser Pear tree observes that 84% of the entrepreneurs of So Paulo were foreign, children or grandsons of foreigners.

However it is good for standing out that the immigrants who if had become industrials, the bourgeois immigrants, do not confuse themselves with the mass of immigrants, constituted of workers. Another factor important to be considered is the question politics. While in the Region North Manaus and Belm they had lived a conflict of economic interests, So Paulo in such a way searched its hegemony in the economic plan how much in the plan politician. Per many years Brazil had and has presidents So Paulo. It is alone to remember the politics of the coffee with milk that alternated So Paulo presidents and mining presidents. Also it agrees to detach the process of povoamento of the Amaznia and So Paulo. In the Amaznia the migratory process, motivated mainly for the economic question, did not aim at to the social matter. The companies were worried only about the profit, easy enrichment, without the concern to develop the region after the disaster of the Rubber, for example, had left to the population the diminutions. In So Paulo it had a bigger comprometimento of the people, of the immigrants and the companies. As already described previously, the So Paulo bourgeoisie has European origin, that is, a different culture of the bourgeoisie whom if she installed in the Amaznia. This contributed for the existing disparity between these regions made an enormous difference in the process of development of the same ones. Thus, while So Paulo blunted for the world, the Amazon region retroceded in history. It seems that the Amaznia alone serves to more export its natural resources to the developed regions. the known mercantilism, in which we do not leave condition of colony and we continue submissos the metropolis. The Amaznia really continues to defy who if atreve to develop it.


Friday, September 28th, 2012 News