philosophy

Brazilian Culture

On the basis of the studies of Herskovits the aculturao concept can be defined as: ' ' In summary, therefore, the diffusion, in these terms, is the study of the consummated cultural transmission; whereas Aculturao is the study of in progress cultural transmission ' '. In the citation of Herskovits the aculturao process is related to the phase subsequent to the contact, where the social group is assimilating the cultural aspects of the other, being valid to remember that the Process of Aculturao differs from the Process of Endoculturao, where the first one is dealt the individual, while as the collective is mentioned to it. In this manner we can give as example the process of aboriginal aculturao in Brazil, therefore in relation to other cultural elements that had also been part of the Brazilian cultural formation, the example of the Portuguese and Africans, that of certain form had been assimilated by the Brazilian culture, the aboriginal culture did not have the same so were assimilated, for it oppose the contact with the whites cause various problems, that they can until taking the extinguishing of the aboriginal culture. However this process of aculturao is very relative, therefore exactly having the contact between distinct cultural groups, much of these groups finishes creating characteristic proper, stimulated for the geographic space, the activities exerted daily and mainly for the social relations that are created in these places, the example of this can cite the study carried through for BORGES on the messengers of the Pantanal, that exactly being a social group that if it locates in way to the Pantanal, and that belongs to a region of bigger development, that is the city of Cuiab, capital of the State of the Mato Grosso, finishes for creating its proper cultural traces, social relations rules from the limitations imposed for the territorial environment inhabited by those natives, who good part of the year has that to coexist in flooded areas.

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Monday, December 3rd, 2012 News Comments Off on Brazilian Culture

Imparcialidade Rains

Imparcialidade: Rains had not killed in SP and River? Edson Silva In the basic principle of a good information, at least it is what we learn when studying the science of the Journalism, is (or it would have to be) in first place the truth of the facts. It must be followed of imparcialidade, right to counsel, common-sense and some other elements, many of which subjective and that unhappyly they can oscillate as line determined for some agency of the same press or for the formation (or lacks of it) of character of certain professionals. Volume for example rains that had hardly punished Brazil since the end of the passed year, making vitimais fatal and homelesses in some states. In February of this year, the magazine of national circulation: The problem in So Paulo, been sees sample then governed for Serra (PSDB) and city managed for Gilberto Kassab (DEM), parties of clear and well-known opposition the Federal government of president Luiz Incio Lula da Silva (PT). In the layer photo, the magazine shows an immersed man in the overflow, Why It rains In such a way and the text: a rare combination of atmospheric factors is the cause of the dilvio that has more than 40 days punishs the South and the Southeast of Brazil tries to give explanations half Biblical (History of the dilvio counted in the Bible, Gnesis 6-12) and of perhaps to the phenomenon, that killed more 70 people in So Paulo We go now to the direction of the imparcialidade, or worse, of the lack of it. In April, less than two months later, Veja comes back to speak of rain and this time in Rio De Janeiro, been governed for Sergio Cabral Son and that it has the city managed for mayor Eduardo Breads, both of the PMDB, broken ally in the Federal government of president Lula (PT). The photo of the layer is of the Christ Redentor in tears ahead of the tragedy (that it killed 230 people more than) and does not have heading.

But the text: . U! In So Paulo rain is guilty and in the River not? It will be that some nugget dgua will be taken to the guilty banks of in the capital of all the expiatrios natives of So Paulo and of the irresponsabilidades will become bodes, that if proven, are equal the ones that can have occurred in the River? Without trocadilho, however it sees, this is to play with the intelligence of all the Brazilians. It is, it says the work friend well (journalist Ema Bianchi Aguiar) that the modernity of the Internet makes possible the readers if not to leave to influence for this or that news. After all, it is possible to appeal to the new versions, to consult diverse sites or blogs that they are trustworthy, being that the seconds normally are sources of information without censorship of the masters of the great media. I would add more, saying that some pseudos periodicals had to search the life of orquestrao, what it is then? It will be that the situations of pensioners, entrepreneurs, students were better, for example, has 10 or 15 years?

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Thursday, October 4th, 2012 News Comments Off on Imparcialidade Rains

English Philosopher

Maquiavel defended a unitary State, an established absolute State in the centered power and the terror, therefore ' ' The men have little escrpulo to offend that he becomes to love of what who if makes temer' '. Maquiavel led in consideration nature human being and the reality accomplishes, saying that we must study the things as they are and must observe what if she can and it is necessary to make, what it would not be certain to make, therefore who to want to be good between the bad ones, is ruined. (Relation between politics and moral). CONCEPTION OF STATE IN THOMAS HOBBES (1588-1679) English Philosopher the theory of Estado and Hobbes: – when the men live in natural state, as animal, them if ones against the others for the desire of being able, wealth and properties plays. It is the impulse to the bourgeois private property that if develops in England, where appears the conception of that the man is the wolf of the proper man (homo homini lupus). Therefore, according to Hobbes, a CONTRACT to constitute the State is necessary that hinders unchaining of the egoism and the mutual destruction.

' ' contrato' ' praised for Hobbes it creates an absolute State, of mercantile nature, destined to assure the bourgeois social relations and a more comfortable life. Hobbes defended one ' ' pact social' ' to allow the life in society, as form to surpass the human egoism; this, the pact, had to be imposed for the force, an absolute State that the power concentrated all. The relations between the people are mercantile relations and if they give through contracts of purchase and sales, transference of properties, etc. Of this form, launches the bases of the modern theory of the state, describing the sprouting of the liberal State, the formation of the market and the inaqualities that produce (the competition and the competition are factors of concentration of wealth and social exclusion).

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Sunday, August 5th, 2012 News Comments Off on English Philosopher

Representation

' ' All the conscience is still only the mirror clearly of the offered object, is mdium for which this enters in scene in the world as representation (…). Exterior to all representation and to all its forms nothing exists seno necessarily Will, that is in-itself in such a way of the object contemplated how much of the individual that considers, which, enchanting itself in this contemplation, is still conscientious of itself only as pure citizen of conhecer' '. (Schopenhauer, Arthur. Metaphysics of the Beauty. Unesp. 2003 46 and 49). According to above-mentioned ticket, Schopenhauer admits the occurrence of the man in full conscience of itself as subject; attributes to this same conscience the way or way for which the Idea, as object of this, is assumed as Representation of this Citizen. What it makes with that the conscience if does not lose of the man in its process of negation of itself as individual? Which the element that, in man as subject, insists on conserving on this the necessary conscience to the intentional reproduction of the content apprehended for pure intuition in the work of art? This is the main investigation.

The philosopher answers us: ' ' The genius (…) is what he allows it to conserve the clarity of demanded conscience to reproduce in a intentional workmanship thus known 35 ' ' (Schopenhauer, Arthur. The World As Will and As Representation. Unesp. 2005 – 265). Therefore, the genius is not only the capacity of intuir an Idea, before, however, presents it the citizen as the way for which this general phenomenon is for the conscience, leading subject to the o knowledge of the world as Representation, legitimate objetivao of the will while in-itself. Of the Double one Felt Of the Terms Will and Representation For privileging the understanding of the content displayed here I decided to turn concerning the concept of Will as last of the item to be treated in this article.

The reason is not another seno proper blackness of the concept in Schopenhauer, that is, at any moment, in my opinion, Schopenhauer if atreve to try a enough concept of Will. This inasmuch as it would be a been improper attitude and contradictory on the part of the same in trying the sufficiency of a concept that is only consummated, that is, it reaches its completude in the private persistence of the man in refusing itself as individual and, with effect, to become subject pure of knowing 36. We have to recognize namely that, in the philosophy of this, two ways of if approaching the term exist will and representation: Where the term ' ' vontade' ' 37 appears with capital initial wants in them to communicate the universal will, cause of all the things; if Representation, then, adequate objetivao of the Will, that is, Idea, objective correlato of the citizen. For its tur

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Sunday, July 1st, 2012 News Comments Off on Representation